HPC Recipe Seven, 2016

Recipe name: Malnutrition and Childhood Disability in Turkana, Kenya

 Origin of the recipe

According to the World Report on Disability (2011), there are an estimated 1 billion people with disabilities in the world, of which 95 million are children. In Kenya, the prevalence rate among children is estimated at 2.4% (Kenya National Survey for Persons with Disabilities, 2007). Though limited data exists in this field, malnutrition has been linked to childhood disability and vice versa.

A study was conducted in 2013 by Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS), CBM East Africa Regional office and the International Centre for Evidence in Disability, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) to investigate Malnutrition and Childhood Disability in Turkana, Kenya. The study aimed to address two research questions:

  • Are children with disabilities included within humanitarian and food security response programmes in Turkana?
  • Are children with disabilities more vulnerable to malnutrition?

 Ingredients

malnutrition
Ongoing discussions during one of the plenary sessions
  1. One informed and articulate presenter Valerie Wambani
  2. 21 representatives comprised of policy makers (Government officials and Donor agencies), United Nations Agencies in Kenya, Humanitarian Practitioners (INGOs), Academia (Universities and Scholars), Civil society (Disable Peoples Organizations and Older Persons Organisations) and Private sector players (Corporates).
  3. One roving microphone
  4. Lots of water

 Preparation:

Place all the ingredients into the Amani room at the Boma Inn Hotel and cook evenly for 30 minutes.

Outcome:

  • Study showed that prevalence of disability in Turkana county stood at 0.75% with physical impairment being the most dominant type of disability
  • There exists a link between malnutrition and childhood disability; and childhood disability and malnutrition. Children with disabilities were more malnourished than those without
  • Children with disabilities were less likely to be in school. Consequently, less likely to be included in School Feeding Programmes

Recipe reviews

Comment: Study is gives an overview of what is happening in Kakuma as well. Children from host communities usually suffer from malnutrition related disabilities. In some areas, there was no record of children with disabilities. When children are called for screening, caregivers still leave them at home.

How do we factor in disability into usual scientific measurements to ensure data collected is accurate?

A range of methods were used to ensure data collected was as comprehensive as possible for comparative analysis including MUAC, weight, height, arm length, and tibia length.

Attributions:

  • Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS)
  • CBM East Africa Regional office
  • International Centre for Evidence in Disability, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
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